Zit: Causes, Treatments, And More

A zit, also known as a pimple or acne, is a common skin condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. While most people experience occasional breakouts, some individuals may suffer from chronic or severe forms of acne, such as hidradenitis suppurativa. In this article, we will explore the causes of zits, available treatments, and the price of hidradenitis suppurativa surgery.

Causes of Zits

Zits primarily occur when hair follicles become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. This combination leads to the formation of a small, inflamed lesion on the skin’s surface. Several factors can contribute to the development of zits, including:

  • Excessive oil production by the sebaceous glands.
  • Buildup of dead skin cells.
  • Bacterial infection, especially with the Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.
  • Hormonal changes, particularly during puberty or menstrual cycles.
  • High-stress levels.
  • Poor skincare hygiene.

Treatments for Zits

Several treatment options are available to manage zits depending on their severity:

  1. Over-the-counter (OTC) Products: Mild zits can often be treated with OTC topical creams, gels, or cleansers that contain ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or sulfur. These products help reduce inflammation, unclog pores, and kill bacteria.
  2. Prescription Medications: In cases of moderate to severe zits, a dermatologist may prescribe oral antibiotics, hormonal therapies (such as birth control pills for women), or topical retinoids. These treatments target the underlying causes of zits and help prevent future breakouts.
  3. Professional Procedures: For severe or persistent zits that do not respond to conventional treatments, dermatologists may suggest various procedures, including chemical peels, extractions, laser therapy, or corticosteroid injections. These procedures aim to reduce inflammation, eliminate acne-causing bacteria, or promote skin healing.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa Surgery Price

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by painful nodules, abscesses, and sinus tracts in areas of the body with apocrine sweat glands, such as the armpits or groin. In severe cases of HS that are unresponsive to other treatments, surgical intervention may be necessary.

It is important to note that the price of hidradenitis suppurativa surgery can vary depending on several factors, including the geographical location, surgeon’s experience, hospital fees, and the specific surgical technique employed. Therefore, it is advisable to consult with a dermatologist or surgeon to receive a personalized evaluation and cost estimate.


Zits can be a bothersome condition, affecting one’s physical appearance and self-confidence. Fortunately, with a variety of available treatments, most individuals can effectively manage and minimize the occurrence of zits. In severe cases such as hidradenitis suppurativa, surgical options may be recommended by healthcare professionals. Remember to seek professional advice, adhere to a proper skincare routine, and maintain a healthy lifestyle to promote skin health and prevent zits.